Travel Information

Nepal is a land locked sovereign state located in South Asia, located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China, and to the south, east, and west by India. The mountainous north has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. Nepal enshrines dozens of ethnic groups and hundreds of languages. The land extends approximately 885 km east to west, and 193 km north to south.

The Nepalese Culture is rich and unique. This multi-dimensional heritage include the diversities of Nepal's ethnic, tribal, and social groups and it clear in music and dance, art and craft, tradition and languages and literature, philosophy and religion, festivals and celebration, foods and drinks.

Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to the altitudes. The tropical and subtropical zones lie below 1,200 meters (3,937 ft), the temperate zone 1,200 to 2,400 meters (3,937 to 7,874 ft), the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 meters (7,874 to 11,811 ft), the subarctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 meters (11,811 to 14,436 ft), and the Arctic zone above 4,400 meters (14,436 ft).
Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. The Himalaya blocks cold winds from central Asia in the winter and forms the northern limit of the monsoon wind patterns. Temperature ranges between a maximum of 37 and a minimum of 8 degree Celsius in plains, 34 and 0 degree Celsius in the Kathmandu Valley, and -6 to 16 degree Celsius in Mountains. The rainy season lasts from July to September.

There are 123 languages spoken as mother tongue (first language) in Nepal according to 2011 National census. National language of Nepal is Nepali, written in Devanagari Script. along Nepali; English and Hindi are widely understood.

Visa is a travel permit to any country. Visa can be obtained on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, at border entry points in Kakadvitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, and Gaddachowki on Nepal-India border and Kodari on Nepal-China border. Visa can also be obtained at the nearest Nepal Embassy or Diplomatic Mission. Visa can also be obtain (renewal purposes) at Department of Immigration, Kalikasthan, Kathmandu. A valid passport and one passport -size photo with a light background is required. Immigration Department has not specified the passport size photo. Visa can be obtained only through payment of cash in the
Euro, Swiss Franc, Pound Sterling, US Dollar, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Hong Kong Dollar, Singapore Dollar and Japanese Yen. Credit card, Indian currency and Nepali currency are not accepted as payment of visa fee.

a. Tourist Visa
Visa Facility    Duration    Fee
Multiple entry    15 days    US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry    30 days    US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry    90 days    US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency
b. Gratis (Free) Visa
•    For first visit in one visa year (January to December), gratis visa for 30 days is available only for nationals of South   Asian countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. However, visa can be extended from the Immigration Department on payment of visa fee as specified above.
•    Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal.
c. For Indian National
Indian nationals do not require visa to enter Nepal.
As per the Nepalese Immigration, Indian Nationals Traveling to Nepal must possess any One of the following documents.
1.       Passport
2.       Driving License with photo
3.       Photo Identity card issued by a Government Agency
4.       Ration Card with Photo
5.       Election Commission Card with Photo
6.       Identity Card issued by Embassy of India in Kathmandu
7.       Identity Card with Photo issued by Sub- Divisional Magistrate or any other officials above his rank
Also, please check with your nearest travel agents for documents required by the Indian Immigration for Indians traveling to Nepal.

d. Other Information
Nationals from Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine and Afghanistan will need to obtain visa from Nepal Embassies or Diplomatic Missions in their respective countries, as they do not get visa on arrival at the immigration entry points of Nepal.

e. Visa Extension
Tourists can stay for a maximum of 150 days in a visa year (Jan 1 to Dec 31).

f. Points of entry or exit:
The point of entry and exit for the purpose of the foreigner entering into or departing from Nepal by obtaining a visa shall be as follows:
1.    Immigration Office, Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu
2.    Immigration Office, Kakadvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
3.    Immigration Office, Birgunj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
4.    Immigration Office, Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)
5.    Immigration Office, Belahia, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
6.    Immigration Office, Jamunaha, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
7.    Immigration Office, Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
8.    Immigration Office, Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)

g. Arrival and Departure form to be filled up:
Every foreigner entering into or arriving or departing from Nepal has to fill-up Arrival and Departure form. The form has to submit to the immigration office.

h. Certification of arrival and departure:
Every person entering into or departing from Nepal shall get his entry and departure certified at his entry or departure point. In the case of the person who has not got so registered his arrival or departure form, if he submits an application, along with the reason therefore, the department may, if it deems reasonable after investigation thereabout, certify the arrival or departure.

i. Documents to be produced:
In cases where the officials of the Department or the Offices there under and the authorized Officers of the District Administration Office in such places where such personnel are not available, the police officials and border administration officials require any foreigner to show his passport, visa, trekking permit and documents relating thereto, such foreigner has to show such documents immediately.

j. Notice of change in address:
1.    If a foreigner except in tourist visa, permitted to stay in Nepal more than six months, makes change in his Nepal based residential address mentioned in the application submitted for the issuance of visa or the extension of the term of visa, such foreigner shall compulsorily furnish the Department, Office or local police office with a notice containing his name, passport number and new address as well, within seven days.
2.    If a foreigner has stayed in Nepal for more than 120 days goes to any other place of Nepal for spending more than 24 hours, he has to register with the local Police Office of such place his presence along with the detail showing his name, passport number and address as well.

k. Restriction to work:
1.    A foreigner having obtained a visa as a tourist or his family member pursuant to these Rules shall not be allowed to work, with or without receiving remuneration, in any industry, business, enterprise or organization during his stay in Nepal .
2.    A foreigner having obtained a visa pursuant to these Rules shall not be allowed to carry out any work other than that for which purpose he has obtained the visa.

l. Recommendation for and issuance of visa provisionally:
1.    In cases where it takes time to make recommendation for the study, non-tourist and business visa, the concerned Ministry may, upon assigning the said reason, make recommendation for the provisional study, non-tourist and business visa for a period not exceeding three months.
2.    In cases where it take time for the foreigner to submit the marriage registration certificate, the Department may, on the basis of the recommendation of the authority or the embassy of the concerned country, issue the non-tourist visa for a period not exceeding three months.
m. Issuance of travel permit:
The Department may issue the travel permits to those foreigners who are not able to obtain new passports due to the loss, deface or expiry of the term thereof or due to any other reasons, in

L. Transfer of visa:
In case where any foreigner has obtained the travel permit or a new passport due to the loss or expiry of the term of old passport, the Ministry of Foreign affairs for diplomatic and official visa or the department for other visa may transfer the visa to the travel permit or to the passport.

M. Application for extension of the term of visa:
An application has to be submitted in the format as referred to in Appendix 8 for the extension of the term of a visa except a diplomatic and official visa.
N. Circumstances in which a visa may be cancelled:
The Department may cancel a visa of any foreigner in the following circumstances:
1.    If he fails to produce an international health certificate as and when required to do so.
2.    If he becomes insane or goes mad.
3.    If he is found to have absconded after committing any serious criminal offence.
4.    If he is found to be suffering from any contagious or communicable disease.
5.    If his presence seems to cause detrimental effect in peace and security of Nepal or in the mutual fraternity of the people of Nepal.
6.    If his conduct is found to be suspicious or if he carries out, or causes to be carried out, any undesirable activities.
7.    If his presence seems to result in adverse impact on the social and culture environment in Nepal.
8.    If he violates, or causes to violate, the Act, these Rules and other prevailing law.
9.    If he carries out any other acts or things not in consonance with the purpose for which the visa has been issued or the purpose of visa ends before the provided visa period.
10.    To cancel his last visa, if he receives recommendation to provide another category of visa from the concerned institutions.
In the case of cancellation of a visa, the fees paid therefore shall not be refundable.

O. Visa Fees:
1.    The visa fees or other fees to be charged for the issuance of a visa for the entry into or presence in Nepal, for the extension of the visa or the regulation of the visa of the foreigner who has over-stayed or the issuance of the travel permit or the transference of the visa shall be prescribed in Appendix -9.
2.    Provided, however, that the children below the age of ten years shall be exempted from visa fees.
3.    The visa fees chargeable for the citizens of the countries which charge fee higher or lower than the fees prescribed under sub-rule (1) shall be based on reciprocity.

 A passport is a document, issued by a national government, which certifies the identity and nationality of its holder for the purpose of international travel. The fundamentals of identity contained in all standardized passports comprise information about the holder, including name, date of birth, gender and place of birth. A valid passport is required for all nationals except Indians.

All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry point. Personal property is permitted free entry. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.

The Payment is made in foreign exchange in hotels, travel agencies, and airlines. Credit cards such as American Express, Master and Visa are accepted at major hotels, shops, and restaurants. Foreign exchange encashment receipt should keep while making foreign exchange payments or transferring foreign currency into Nepali rupees. The receipts may be needed to change left-over Nepali currency into hard currency before leaving the country. However, only 10 percent of the total amount may be converted by the bank. ATM is widely in use in Kathmandu.
Exchange rates are published in English dailies such as The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post and The Himalayan Times. Nepali currency notes are found in denominations of Rupees 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Coins are found in denominations of Rupees 5, 2 and 1. One rupee equals 100 paisa.

Heritage Sites/ Museums / Zoo

Entrance fees must be paid before touring heritage sites around Kathmandu Valley like Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bauddhanath, Swayambhunath and Changu Narayan Temple. Entrance fees must be paid before touring Lumbini Gardens, the sanctuary of the Mayadevi Temple, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, in Lumbini, Rupandehi. Also entry fee should be paid to enter Central Zoo in Jawalakhel, Lalitpur, and museums in Kathmandu Valley and local museums of different parts of Nepal.

National Parks/ Wildlife Reserves/ Conservations

Entry fees must be paid to enter the 20 Protected Areas in Nepal that have been divided into National Parks, Wildlife Reserves, Conservation Areas and Hunting Reserve. Dhorpatan is the only protected area where hunting is licensed. One must also obtain hunting license to hunt in the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve.

Nepal has various categories of accommodation facilities that range from international standard star hotels to budget hotels and lodges. It is advisable to use the facilities and services of Government registered hotels, lodges and homestays. Most hotels offer a choice: bed and breakfast; bed, breakfast and one other meal; or room and full board. During spring and fall, hotels work at near full capacity and are booked well in advance. Therefore, it would be a good idea to check well in advance and book hotels as per need if traveling to Nepal in the peak season.
Accommodation facilities are available in the mountain tourist area.

BUSINESS HOURS (Nepal is five hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT).
Business hours within the Valley:

Government offices are open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday to Thursday in summer and from 10 4 p.m. in winter. On Fridays Government offices open from10 a.m. to 3p.m. only. Most business offices such as travel agency, trekking and tour agencies are open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday to Friday. Embassies and international organizations are open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday. Most shops open after 10 a.m. and close at about 8 p.m. and usually closed on Saturdays.

Banks are open from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Sunday through Thursday. On Fridays, banks remain open until 12 p.m. only. Business offices are open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday through Friday. Recently many private banks have re-organized to have different branches open at various different times making banking hours longer. If one branch is closed another will be open.

Nepal observes numerous holidays(120/365 days in a year) most of which have cultural or religious significance. Visitors wishing to participate in the holidays or observe local festivals can check our calendar. The longest holiday in Nepal is during the Dashain festival in late September or October. Government offices and banks observe most of the national holidays. Private business offices observe major holidays only.


Public Transportation:

Ratnapark (Old Bus Park) is the place where many buses, minibuses and micro buses are available to depart different destinations in the valley.  Three wheelers run by battery are also available for Kathmandu commuters.

Metered Taxi:

Kathmandu valley map help to find out the direction of your destination. Taxi, can be easily recognized by its sign on top and black license plate. As a rough guide, a taxi will charge Rs. 30 per kilometer. No tips are expected. Private taxis may charge slightly higher.
Night taxi service can also be arranged and operated by major hotels. Fare is slightly higher than metered taxi. One can rent a private car through a travel agent or a car rental company.
Hired Mountain Bike/ Ordinary Bicycle:

Mountain bikes and ordinary bicycles are cheap and the best form of transportation for economy tourists. One can hire them at Thamel, Rani Pokhari and Jhochhen, all in Kathmandu.

Long Distance Bus Service:

Long distance day or night bus services are available from Kathmandu to all cities of Nepal. New Bus Park at Gongabu (Ring Road near Balaju), Kathmandu, from where buses depart to different destinations. Six-seater Sumo Tata van, 12-seater van and air-conditioned mini buses are also available for long distance travel.

Domestic Air Service:

Nepal Airlines has a general network of air services to major parts of the country. Besides Nepal Airlines, other domestic airlines (there are almost 42 airports in operation) provide regular and chartered services to popular domestic destinations.